References in When They Cry

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The When They Cry franchise contains several cultural and historical references as a result of author Ryukishi07's habit of putting references in his work just to have them.[1] Several of them are listed below.

Divine Comedy

Umineko no Naku Koro ni contains many references of Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy.

Detective fiction


  • The 72 Pillars of Hell mentioned in Umineko no Naku Koro ni is likely a reference to the 72 demons in the Lesser Key of Solomon. Several demons within Umineko no Naku Koro ni are based off of these 72 demons.
  • Much of the demonology Maria Ushiromiya mentions is taken from the Key of Solomon, a 14th/15th century grimoire and early example of Renaissance magic.
    • Maria's amulets, meant to protect her from the evil entities on the island, have the fifth pentacle of Mars inscribed on them.
    • The symbol found on the shed in Legend of the Golden Witch is the seventh pentacle of the Sun.
    • The symbol found on Eva Ushiromiya and Hideyoshi Ushiromiya's room is the pentacle of the Moon.
  • The name Bernkastel may be a reference to the birthplace of Peter Binsfield, a German theologian who was the first to associate the seven princes of hell with the Seven Deadly Sins. Binsfield was born in the town of Binsfield which is located in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district of Germany.
    • Peter Binsfeld's classification of demons is used in the Seven Stakes of Purgatory. Each of the Stakes is named after a prince of hell and is the embodiment of the associated Deadly Sin.

Touhou Project


Intertextual references

Ryukishi07 is also known to include references and crossovers within his own works.