Template:Cite web/doc

[[Category:Template documentation pages{{#translation:}}]]
Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual media
{{Cite AV media notes}}AV media liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}books and chapters
{{Cite citeseerx}}CiteSeerX papers
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or TV episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}academic journals
{{Cite magazine}}magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}podcasts
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite ssrn}}SSRN papers
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}web sources not covered by the above
See alsoSpecific-source templates
Wrapper templates

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template.

Usage

Copy a blank version to use. Almost all parameter names are supported only in lower case (some initialisms, such as |isbn= have upper case aliases like |ISBN=, which are acceptable for use). Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Unused parameters may be deleted to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples on this documentation page may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

End of the Golden Witch

Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
{{cite web
 | url =
 | title =
 | last =
 | first =
 | date =
 | website =
 | publisher =
 | access-date =
 | quote = }}

End of the Golden Witch

Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |author-link= |last2= |first2= |author2= |author-link2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |department= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |dead-url= |access-date= |quote= |ref= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

End of the Golden Witch

Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite web
 | url =
 | title =
 | last1 =
 | first1 =
 | author-link1 =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author-link2 =
 | date =
 | year =
 | editor1-last =
 | editor1-first =
 | editor1-link =
 | editor2-last =
 | editor2-first =
 | editor2-link =
 | department =
 | website =
 | series =
 | publisher =
 | location =
 | page =
 | pages =
 | at =
 | language =
 | script-title =
 | trans-title =
 | type =
 | format =
 | arxiv =
 | asin =
 | bibcode =
 | doi =
 | doi-broken-date =
 | isbn =
 | issn =
 | jfm =
 | jstor =
 | lccn =
 | mr =
 | oclc =
 | ol =
 | osti =
 | pmc =
 | pmid =
 | rfc =
 | ssrn =
 | zbl =
 | id =
 | archive-url =
 | archive-date =
 | dead-url =
 | access-date =
 | quote =
 | ref =
 | postscript =
 | subscription =
 | registration = }}
 
 
 
 
last1
 
last1
last2
 
 
 
 
editor1-last
 
editor1-last
editor2-last
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
url, archive-date
archive-url
url
url
 
 
 
 
 
 
required
required
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column, it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Choosing between {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}}

Before 2014, editors needed to decide whether to use {{Cite web}} or {{Cite news}} based on their features. In 2014, however, most of the differences between the two templates were eliminated. Both templates accept the same set of parameters but generate a slightly different output. Compare:

  • Cite web: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  • Cite news: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015.

The only different feature is that {{Cite news}} can be used for offline (paper) sources whereas {{Cite web}} generates a missing URL error when no URL is provided.

Wikipedia:Featured article criteria requires all articles nominated to enforce a consistent citation style. MOS:STABILITY also holds a less vigorous requirement regarding consistency. As such, articles that use a mixture of {{Cite news}} and {{Cite web}} may fail to become a Featured Article.

Examples

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=1 March 2024}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=1 March 2024}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=1 March 2024}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |access-date=1 March 2024}}
Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |access-date=1 March 2024}}
"My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |access-date=1 March 2024}}
"Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved 1 March 2024.

Using format

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |access-date=1 March 2024}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved 1 March 2024.

Foreign language and translated title

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=1 March 2024 |language=French |trans-title=Shame on those who think evil}}
Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil] (in French). Retrieved 1 March 2024.

Using author-link

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |author-link=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=1 March 2024}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=1 March 2024}}
Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=1 March 2024}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=1 March 2024}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=1 March 2024}}
"Index of Sharp Things". 30 April 2005. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |access-date=1 March 2024 |language=Greek}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 30 April 2005. Retrieved 1 March 2024.

Using "archive-url" and "archive-date" (and optionally "dead-url") for webpages that have been archived

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |access-date=1 March 2024 |archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archive-date=7 September 2005}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 30 April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2005. Retrieved 1 March 2024.
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archive-url=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archive-date=26 April 2006 |dead-url=no}}
"Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. 31 March 2006. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |access-date=1 March 2024 | archive-url=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archive-date=19 May 2011 |dead-url=no}}
"London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground, Inc. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2024. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)

Using quote

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |access-date=1 March 2024 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...'}}
"Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2024. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...'

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

COinS

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata.
  1. 1.0 1.1 This guidance does not restrict linking to websites that are being used as sources to provide content in articles.