Open-mid front unrounded vowel

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Template:Short description Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The open-mid front unrounded vowel, or low-mid front unrounded vowel,[1] is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is a Latinized variant of the Greek lowercase epsilon, Template:Angbr IPA.


Template:Open-mid vowel Template:Front vowel Template:Unrounded vowel


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Arabic See Imāla
Armenian EasternTemplate:Sfnp էջ Template:IPA 'page'
Bavarian Amstetten dialect[2] Template:Example needed May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.[2]
BengaliTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'one' See Bengali phonology
BulgarianTemplate:Sfnp пет Template:IPA 'five' See Bulgarian phonology
BurmeseTemplate:Sfnp [orthographic
form needed
Template:IPA 'mother'
CatalanTemplate:Sfnp mel Template:IPA 'honey' See Catalan phonology
Chinese MandarinTemplate:Sfnp / tiān Template:Audio-IPA 'sky' Height varies between mid and open depending on the speaker. See Standard Chinese phonology
CzechTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp led Template:IPA 'ice' In Bohemian Czech, this vowel varies between open-mid front Template:IPA, open-mid near-front Template:IPA and mid near-front Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Czech phonology
Danish StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp frisk Template:IPA 'fresh' Most often transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Danish phonology
Dutch StandardTemplate:Sfnp bed Template:Audio-IPA 'bed' See Dutch phonology
The HagueTemplate:Sfnp jij Template:Audio-IPA 'you' Corresponds to Template:IPA in standard Dutch.
English General AmericanTemplate:Sfnp bed Template:Audio-IPA 'bed'
Northern EnglandTemplate:Sfnp May be somewhat lowered.Template:Sfnp
Received PronunciationTemplate:Sfnp[3] Older RP speakers pronounce a closer vowel Template:IPAblink. See English phonology
CockneyTemplate:Sfnp fat Template:IPA 'fat'
New ZealandTemplate:Sfnp See New Zealand English phonology
Some Broad
South African speakersTemplate:Sfnp
Other speakers realize this vowel as Template:IPAblink or Template:IPAblink. See South African English phonology
Belfast[4] days Template:IPA 'days' Pronounced Template:IPA in closed syllables; corresponds to Template:IPA in RP.
Zulu[5] mate Template:IPA 'mate' Speakers exhibit a met-mate merger.
FaroeseTemplate:Sfnp frekt Template:IPA 'greedy' See Faroese phonology
FrenchTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp bête Template:Audio-IPA 'beast' See French phonology
Galician ferro Template:IPA 'iron' See Galician phonology
GeorgianTemplate:Sfnp გედი Template:IPA 'swan'
German StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp Bett Template:Audio-IPA 'bed' Also described as mid Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Standard German phonology
Franconian accentTemplate:Sfnp oder Template:IPA 'or' Used instead of Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Standard German phonology
Coastal Northern accentsTemplate:Sfnp
Swabian accentTemplate:Sfnp fett Template:IPA 'fat' Contrasts with the close-mid Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Standard German phonology
Western Swiss accentsTemplate:Sfnp See Template:IPA 'lake' Close-mid Template:IPAblink in other accents; contrasts with the near-open Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Standard German phonology
ItalianTemplate:Sfnp bene Template:Audio-IPA 'good' See Italian phonology
KaingangTemplate:Sfnp mbre Template:IPA 'with'
Korean 매미 / maemi Template:IPA 'cicada' See Korean phonology
Kurdish Kurmanji (Northern) hevde Template:IPA 'seventeen' See Kurdish phonology
Sorani (Central) هه‌ڤده Template:IPA
Palewani (Southern) Template:IPA
LimburgishTemplate:SfnpTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp crème Template:IPA 'cream' The example word is from the Maastrichtian dialect.
Lower SorbianTemplate:Sfnp serp Template:IPA 'sickle'
LuxembourgishTemplate:Sfnp Stär Template:IPA 'star' Allophone of Template:IPA before Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonian[6][7] Standard мед Template:IPA 'honey' See Macedonian language § Vowels
Norwegian SognamålTemplate:Sfnp pest Template:IPA 'plague See Norwegian phonology
PolishTemplate:Sfnp ten Template:Audio-IPA 'this one' (nom. m.) See Polish phonology
Portuguese Most dialectsTemplate:Sfnp[8] pé Template:IPA 'foot' Stressed vowel might be lower Template:IPAblink. The presence and use of other unstressed ⟨e⟩ allophones, such as Template:IPA, varies according to dialect.
Some speakers[9] tempo Template:IPA 'time' Timbre differences for nasalized vowels are mainly kept in European Portuguese. See Portuguese phonology
Romanian Transylvanian dialectsTemplate:Sfnp vede Template:IPA '(he) sees' Corresponds to mid Template:IPAblink in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
RussianTemplate:Sfnp это Template:Audio-IPA 'this' See Russian phonology
ShiwiarTemplate:Sfnp Template:Example needed Allophone of Template:IPA.
Slovene met Template:IPA 'throw' (n.) See Slovene phonology
Spanish Eastern AndalusianTemplate:Sfnp las madres Template:IPA 'the mothers' Corresponds to Template:IPAblink in other dialects, but in these dialects they're distinct. See Spanish phonology
Swahili shule [ʃulɛ] 'school'
Swedish Central StandardTemplate:Sfnp ät Template:IPA 'eat' (imp.) Somewhat retracted.Template:Sfnp See Swedish phonology
Thai ตร / trae Template:IPA 'horn (instrument)'
TurkishTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp ülke Template:IPA 'country' Allophone of Template:IPA described variously as "word-final"Template:Sfnp and "occurring in final open syllable of a phrase".Template:Sfnp See Turkish phonology
Twi ɛyɛ 'it is good/fine' See Twi phonology
UkrainianTemplate:Sfnp день Template:IPA 'day' See Ukrainian phonology
Upper SorbianTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp čelo Template:IPA 'calf' See Upper Sorbian phonology
West FrisianTemplate:Sfnp beppe Template:IPA 'grandma' See West Frisian phonology
YorubaTemplate:Sfnp sẹ̀ Template:IPA 'leg'

See also



External links

Template:IPA navigation