Open-mid central unrounded vowel

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Template:Short description Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The open-mid central unrounded vowel, or low-mid central unrounded vowel,[1] is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is Template:Angbr IPA. The IPA symbol is not the digit Template:Angbr or the Cyrillic small letter Ze (з). The symbol is instead a reversed Latinized variant of the lowercase epsilon, ɛ. The value was specified only in 1993; until then, it had been transcribed Template:Angbr IPA.

The Template:Angbr IPA letter may be used with a raising diacritic Template:Angbr IPA, to denote the mid central unrounded vowel. It may also be used with a lowering diacritic Template:Angbr IPA, to denote the near-open central unrounded vowel.

Conversely, Template:Angbr IPA, the symbol for the mid central vowel may be used with a lowering diacritic Template:Angbr IPA to denote the open-mid central unrounded vowel, although that is more accurately written with an additional unrounding diacritic Template:Angbr IPA to explicitly denote the lack of rounding (the canonical value of IPA Template:Angbr IPA is undefined for rounding).

Features

Template:Open-mid vowel Template:Central vowel Template:Unrounded vowel

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Afrikaans StandardTemplate:Sfnp lig Template:IPA 'light' Also described as mid Template:IPAblink,Template:Sfnp typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Afrikaans phonology
Cotabato ManoboTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'child' Allophone of Template:IPA before glottal consonants; may be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.Template:Sfnp
DutchTemplate:Sfnp grappig Template:IPA 'funny' Possible realization of Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Dutch phonology
English Received PronunciationTemplate:Sfnp bird Template:IPA 'bird' Sulcalized (the tongue is grooved like in Template:IPA). "Upper Crust RP" speakers pronounce a more open vowel Template:IPAblink, but for most other speakers it is actually mid (Template:IPAblink). This vowel corresponds to rhotacized Template:IPAblink in rhotic dialects.
General AmericanTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp bust Template:IPA 'bust' The most common realization of the vowel transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA in American English. Nevertheless, it is not a standard pronunciation throughout the whole country.Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp
OhioTemplate:Sfnp
Most of TexasTemplate:Sfnp
Northern WelshTemplate:Sfnp Some speakers.Template:Sfnp Corresponds to Template:IPAslink or Template:IPAslink in other Welsh dialects.Template:Sfnp
ScottishTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA Somewhat retracted; may be more back Template:IPAslink instead.
German Chemnitz dialectTemplate:Sfnp passe Template:IPA '[I] pass' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
Many speakersTemplate:Sfnp herrlich Template:IPA 'fantastic' Common alternative to the diphthong Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Standard German phonology
HausaTemplate:Sfnp Template:Example needed Possible allophone of Template:IPA, which can be as close as Template:IPAblink and as open as Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp
JeberoTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'indigenous person' Allophone of Template:IPA in closed syllables.Template:Sfnp
KaingangTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'mark' Varies between central Template:IPA and back Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp
Kalagan KaaganTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'tall' Allophone of Template:IPA; may be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.Template:Sfnp
KallahanTemplate:Sfnp Template:Example needed
Li'o Ke'oTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'dark' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.Template:Sfnp
PaicîTemplate:Sfnp rë Template:IPA 'they' (prefix) May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
Romanian StandardTemplate:Sfnp măr Template:IPA 'apple' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Romanian phonology
Transylvanian dialectsTemplate:Sfnp a Template:IPA 'such' Corresponds to Template:IPAblink in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Sama SibutuTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'roof' Allophone of Template:IPA; may be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.Template:Sfnp
SindhiTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'funeral' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
TemneTemplate:Sfnp pȧs Template:IPA 'brew' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.Template:Sfnp
Yiddish StandardTemplate:Sfnp ענלעך Template:IPA 'similar' Unstressed vowel.Template:Sfnp See Yiddish phonology

See also

Notes

References

External links

Template:IPA navigation