Open-mid central rounded vowel

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Template:Short description Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The open-mid central rounded vowel, or low-mid central rounded vowel,[1] is a vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is Template:Angbr IPA, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is 3\. The symbol is called closed reversed epsilon. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel was transcribed Template:Angbr IPA.

IPA charts were first published with this vowel transcribed as a closed epsilon, Template:Angbr IPA (that is, a closed variant of Template:Angbr IPA, much as the high-mid vowel letter Template:Angbr IPA is a closed variant of Template:Angbr IPA), and this variant made its way into Unicode as Template:Unichar. The IPA charts were later changed to the current closed reversed epsilon Template:Angbr IPA, and this was adopted into Unicode as Template:Unichar.


Template:Open-mid vowel Template:Central vowel Template:Rounded vowel


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Afrikaans StandardTemplate:Sfnp lug Template:IPA 'air' Also been described as mid Template:IPAblink, typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. Many speakers merge Template:IPA with Template:IPA, even in formal speech.Template:Sfnp See Afrikaans phonology
English IrishTemplate:Sfnp but Template:IPA 'but' Corresponds to Template:IPAblink in other varieties. See English phonology
New ZealandTemplate:Sfnp not Template:IPA 'not' Possible realization of Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See New Zealand English phonology
Irish tomhail Template:IPA 'consume' (imp.) See Irish phonology
Kashubian ptôch Template:IPA 'bird'
Limburgish MaastrichtianTemplate:Sfnp väöl Template:IPA 'much' Front Template:IPAblink in other dialects.Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
Navajo[2] tsosts’id Template:IPA 'seven' See Navajo phonology
Northern Tiwa Taos dialect ącut'uonbo Template:IPA 'his-garment-around' Allophone of Template:IPA. See Taos phonology
Norwegian StavangerskTemplate:Sfnp topp Template:IPA 'top' See Norwegian phonology
Poitevin o doune Template:IPA 'he gives'
Somali keenaysaa Template:IPA 'she brings' See Somali phonology
West Frisian Southwestern dialects[3] boare Template:IPA 'tomcat' Corresponds to Template:IPA in other dialects.[3] See West Frisian phonology


  1. Template:Vowel terminology
  2. Template:Harvcoltxt. The authors gave a narrow transcription of Template:IPA, though at the time the IPA had only this one symbol for a mid central rounded vowel, and it is clear from the discussion and formant charts that this vowel a centralized open-mid vowel.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Template:Harvcoltxt, citing Template:Harvcoltxt


External links

Template:IPA navigation