Mid front rounded vowel

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Template:Short description Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The mid front rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.

Although there is no dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the "exact" mid front rounded vowel between close-mid Template:IPA and open-mid Template:IPA, Template:Angbr IPA is generally used. If precision is desired, diacritics can be used, such as Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA.

Mid front compressed vowel

The mid front compressed vowel is typically transcribed in IPA simply as Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA. This article uses the first symbol for simplicity. There is no dedicated diacritic for compression in the IPA. However, the compression of the lips can be shown with the letter Template:IPAalink as Template:Angbr IPA / Template:Angbr IPA (simultaneous Template:IPA / Template:IPA and labial compression) or Template:Angbr IPA / Template:Angbr IPA (Template:IPA / Template:IPA modified with labial compression). The spread-lip diacritic Template:Angbr IPA may also be used with a rounded vowel letters Template:Angbr IPA / Template:Angbr IPA as an ad hoc symbol, though technically 'spread' means unrounded.

Features

Template:Mid vowel Template:Front vowel Template:Compressed vowel

Occurrence

Because front rounded vowels are assumed to have compression, and few descriptions cover the distinction, some of the following may actually have protrusion.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Bavarian Amstetten dialect[1] Template:Example needed Contrasts close-mid Template:IPAslink, true-mid Template:IPA and open-mid Template:IPAslink front rounded vowels.[1]
BretonTemplate:Sfnp Template:Example needed Possible realization of unstressed Template:IPA; can be open-mid Template:IPAblink or close-mid Template:IPAblink instead.Template:Sfnp
Catalan NorthernTemplate:Sfnp fulles Template:IPA 'leaves' Found in Occitan and French loanwords and interferences. See Catalan phonology
Danish StandardTemplate:Sfnp høne Template:IPA 'hen' Also described as close-mid Template:IPAblink;[2] typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA See Danish phonology
Dutch Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialectTemplate:Sfnp mùl Template:IPA 'well' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
English CockneyTemplate:Sfnp bird Template:IPA 'bird' Occasional realization of Template:IPA; can be unrounded Template:IPAblink or, more often, unrounded central Template:IPAblink instead.Template:Sfnp May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA.
General New ZealandTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp May be open-mid Template:IPAblink instead. In broader varieties, it is close-mid or higher.Template:SfnpTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See New Zealand English phonology
South AfricanTemplate:Sfnp Used in General and Broad accents; may be close-mid Template:IPAblink instead. In the Cultivated variety, it is realized as mid central unrounded Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See South African English phonology
Southern WelshTemplate:Sfnp Also described as open-mid Template:IPAblinkTemplate:Sfnp and close-mid Template:IPAblink.Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp
West MidlandsTemplate:Sfnp
FinnishTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp rölli Template:IPA 'Common bent' See Finnish phonology
Greek TyrnavosTemplate:Sfnp κοριός / koreos Template:IPA 'bedbug' Corresponds to Template:IPA and Template:IPA in Standard Modern Greek.Template:Sfnp
VevendosTemplate:Sfnp
HungarianTemplate:Sfnp öl Template:IPA 'kill' See Hungarian phonology
IcelandicTemplate:Sfnp öld Template:IPA 'age' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. The long allophone is often diphthongized to Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Icelandic phonology
KoreanTemplate:Sfnp 왼손 / oenson Template:IPA 'left hand' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. Diphthongized to Template:IPA in Modern Standard Korean. See Korean phonology
Ripuarian Kerkrade dialectTemplate:Sfnp mölle Template:IPA 'mill' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
RomanianTemplate:Sfnp bleu Template:IPA 'light blue' Found only in loanwords.Template:Sfnp See Romanian phonology
TurkishTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp Standard göz Template:IPA 'eye' May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Turkish phonology

Mid front protruded vowel

Template:Infobox IPA

Catford notesTemplate:Full citation needed that most languages with rounded front and back vowels use distinct types of labialization, protruded back vowels and compressed front vowels. However, a few languages, such as Scandinavian ones, have protruded front vowels. One of these, Swedish, even contrasts the two types of rounding in front vowels (see near-close near-front rounded vowel, with Swedish examples of both types of rounding).

As there are no diacritics in the IPA to distinguish protruded and compressed rounding, Template:Angbr IPA (a mid front rounded vowel modified by endolabialization) will be used here as an ad hoc symbol for protruded mid front vowels.

Acoustically, this sound is "between" the more typical compressed mid front vowel Template:IPA and the unrounded mid front vowel Template:IPAblink.

Features

Template:Mid vowel Template:Front vowel Template:Protruded vowel

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Swedish Central StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp nött Template:Audio-IPA 'worn' (past part. s.) Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr. See Swedish phonology

Notes

References

External links

Template:IPA navigation

pl:Samogłoska półprzymknięta przednia zaokrąglona