Mid back rounded vowel

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Template:Short description Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The mid back rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. While there is no dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the exact mid back rounded vowel between close-mid Template:IPA and open-mid Template:IPA, it is normally written Template:Angbr IPA. If precision is desired, diacritics may be used, such as Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA, the former being more common. A non-IPA letter Template:Angbr IPA is also found.

Just because a language has only one non-close non-open back vowel, it still may not be a true-mid vowel. There is a language in Sulawesi, Indonesia, with a close-mid Template:IPA, Tukang Besi. Another language in Indonesia, in the Maluku Islands, has an open-mid Template:IPA, Taba. In both languages, there is no contrast with another mid (true-mid or close-mid) vowel.

Kensiu, in Malaysia and Thailand, is highly unusual in that it contrasts true-mid vowels with close-mid and open-mid vowels without any difference in other parameters, such as backness or roundedness.


Template:Mid vowel Template:Back vowel Template:Protruded vowel


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Afrikaans StandardTemplate:Sfnp bok Template:IPA 'goat' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. The height varies between mid Template:IPA and close-mid Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Afrikaans phonology
Arabic Hejazi[1] لـون Template:IPA 'color' See Hejazi Arabic phonology
Bavarian Amstetten dialect[2] Template:Example needed Contrasts close-mid Template:IPAslink, true-mid Template:IPA and open-mid Template:IPAslink back rounded vowels.[2]
BretonTemplate:Sfnp Template:Example needed Possible realization of unstressed Template:IPA; can be open-mid Template:IPAblink or close-mid Template:IPAblink instead.Template:Sfnp
Chinese MandarinTemplate:Sfnp / Template:Audio-IPA 'I' See Standard Chinese phonology
ShanghaineseTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'tall' Near-back. Realization of Template:IPA in open syllables and Template:IPA in closed syllables.Template:Sfnp
CzechTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp oko Template:IPA 'eye' In Bohemian Czech, the backness varies between back and near-back, whereas the height varies between mid Template:IPA and close-mid Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Czech phonology
Danish StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp måle Template:IPA 'measure' Near-back;Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Danish phonology
Dutch AmsterdamTemplate:Sfnp och Template:IPA 'alas' Near-back;Template:Sfnp corresponds to open-mid Template:IPAblink in standard Dutch. See Dutch phonology
Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialectTemplate:Sfnp mot Template:IPA 'well' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
English Cultivated South AfricanTemplate:Sfnp thought Template:IPA 'thought' Close-mid Template:IPAblink for other speakers. See South African English phonology
MaoriTemplate:Sfnp Closer Template:IPAblink in other New Zealand accents.Template:Sfnp
ScouseTemplate:Sfnp Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
Some Cardiff speakersTemplate:Sfnp Other speakers use a more open, advanced and unrounded vowel Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp
YorkshireTemplate:Sfnp coat Template:IPA 'coat' Corresponds to Template:IPA in other British dialects. See English phonology
FinnishTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp kello Template:IPA 'clock' See Finnish phonology
French ParisianTemplate:Sfnp pont Template:IPA 'bridge' Nasalized; typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See French phonology
German Southern accentsTemplate:Sfnp voll Template:IPA 'full' Common realization of Template:IPA in Southern Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Open-mid Template:IPAblink in Northern Standard German.Template:Sfnp See Standard German phonology
Western Swiss accentsTemplate:Sfnp hoch Template:IPA 'high' Close-mid Template:IPAblink in other accents.Template:Sfnp See Standard German phonology
Greek Modern StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp πως / pos Template:IPA 'how' See Modern Greek phonology
HebrewTemplate:Sfnp שלום Template:IPA 'peace' Hebrew vowels are not shown in the script. See Niqqud and Modern Hebrew phonology
IbibioTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'there'
IcelandicTemplate:Sfnp loft Template:IPA 'air' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. The long allophone is often diphthongized to Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Icelandic phonology
Inuit West GreenlandicTemplate:Sfnp Template:Example needed Allophone of Template:IPA before and especially between uvulars.Template:Sfnp See Inuit phonology
Italian StandardTemplate:Sfnp forense Template:IPA 'forensic' Common realization of the unstressed Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Italian phonology
Northern accentsTemplate:Sfnp Template:Example needed Local realization of Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Italian phonology
JapaneseTemplate:Sfnp /ko Template:IPA 'child' See Japanese phonology
KoreanTemplate:Sfnp 보리 / bori Template:IPA 'barley' See Korean phonology
Limburgish Hasselt dialectTemplate:Sfnp mok Template:IPA 'mug' Typically transcribed IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.Template:Sfnp
Norwegian Urban EastTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp lov Template:IPA 'law' Also described as close-mid Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Norwegian phonology
RomanianTemplate:Sfnp acolo Template:IPA 'there' See Romanian phonology
RussianTemplate:Sfnp сухой Template:Audio-IPA 'dry' Some speakers realize it as open-mid Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Russian phonology
Serbo-CroatianTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp ко̑д / kd Template:IPA 'code' See Serbo-Croatian phonology
ShipiboTemplate:Sfnp koni Template:IPA 'eel' Near-back.Template:Sfnp
Slovak StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp ohúriť Template:IPA 'to stun' See Slovak phonology
Slovene[3] oglas Template:IPA 'advertisement' Unstressed vowel,[3] as well as an allophone of Template:IPA before Template:IPA when a vowel does not follow within the same word.Template:Sfnp See Slovene phonology
SpanishTemplate:Sfnp todo Template:IPA 'all' See Spanish phonology
TeraTemplate:Sfnp zo Template:IPA 'rope'
TurkishTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp kol Template:IPA 'arm' See Turkish phonology
Zapotec TilquiapanTemplate:Sfnp do Template:IPA 'corn tassel'



External links

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