Lateral release (phonetics)

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Template:Infobox IPA In phonetics, a lateral release is the release of a plosive consonant into a lateral consonant. Such sounds are transcribed in the IPA with a superscript Template:Angle bracket, for example as Template:IPA in English spotless Template:IPA. In English words such as middle in which, historically, the tongue made separate contacts with the alveolar ridge for the Template:IPA and Template:IPA,[citation needed] Template:IPA, many speakers today make only one tongue contact. That is, the Template:IPA is laterally released directly into the Template:IPA: Template:IPA. While this is a minor phonetic detail in English (in fact, it is commonly transcribed as having no audible release: Template:IPA, Template:IPA), it may be more important in other languages.

In most languages (as in English), laterally-released plosives are straightforwardly analyzed as biphonemic clusters whose second element is Template:IPA. In the Hmong language, however, it is sometimes claimed that laterally-released consonants are unitary phonemes. According to Peter Ladefoged and Ian Maddieson,[1] the choice between one or another analysis is purely based on phonological convenience—there is no actual acoustic or articulatory difference between one language's "laterally-released plosive" and another language's biphonemic cluster.

See also

References

  1. Ladefoged, Peter and Ian Maddieson. The Sounds of the World's Languages. Wiley-Blackwell, 1996.


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