Epiglottal stop

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Template:Infobox IPA

The epiglottal or pharyngeal stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is Template:Angbr IPA.

Epiglottal and pharyngeal consonants occur at the same place of articulation. Esling (2010) describes the sound covered by the term "epiglottal plosive" as an "active closure by the aryepiglottic pharyngeal stricture mechanism" – that is, a stop produced by the aryepiglottic folds within the pharynx.[1]

Features

The epiglottis is labelled as "12" in this diagram.

Features of the epiglottal stop:

Template:Plosive Template:Epiglottal

  • It has no defined phonation, although it is typically voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. Voiced epiglottal "stops" tend toward being epiglottal flaps.

Template:Oral Template:Central articulation Template:Pulmonic

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Alyutor Template:IPA 'people'
Amis Template:IPA 'fog' May have a trilled release, Template:IPA.
Archi гӀарз Template:IPA 'complaint'
Dahalo[2] Template:IPA 'floor'
Haida Northern dialects antl Template:IPA 'water' Corresponds to /q/ in southern dialects.
Jah Hut Template:IPA 'tree'

See also

Notes

  1. John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. Template:Harvcoltxt

References

External links

Template:IPA navigation