Close back unrounded vowel

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Template:Short description

Template:Refimprove Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The close back unrounded vowel, or high back unrounded vowel,[1] is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is Template:Angbr IPA. Typographically a turned letter Template:Angbr, given its relation to the sound represented by the letter Template:Angbr IPA it can be considered a Template:Angbr with an extra "bowl".


Template:Close vowel Template:Back vowel Template:Unrounded vowel


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Acehnese[2] eu Template:IPA 'see' Also described as closer to Template:IPAblink.[3][4]
Bashkir ҡыҙ Template:IPA 'girl'
Chinese Hokkien Amoy dialects Template:IPA 'pig'
Some Wu dialects Template:IPA 'father'
Xiang Template:IPA 'fire'
Crimean Tatar canım Template:IPA 'please'
English African-AmericanTemplate:Sfnp hook Template:IPA 'hook' Near-close; possible realization of Template:IPAslink.Template:Sfnp
TidewaterTemplate:Sfnp Near-close; may be rounded Template:IPAblink instead.Template:Sfnp
CaliforniaTemplate:Sfnp goose Template:IPA 'goose' Corresponds to Template:IPAblink in other dialects.
New Zealand[5]Template:Sfnp treacle Template:IPA 'treacle' Possible realization of the unstressed vowel Template:IPA, which is variable in rounding and ranges from central to (more often) back and close to close-mid.[5]Template:Sfnp Corresponds to Template:IPA in other accents. Develops from dark L; See New Zealand English phonology
Some Philadelphia speakersTemplate:Sfnp plus Template:IPA 'plus' Used particularly by male speakers; the exact height and backness is variable.Template:Sfnp It corresponds to Template:IPAblink in other accents. See English phonology
South AfricanTemplate:Sfnp pill Template:IPA 'pill' Near-close; possible allophone of Template:IPA before the velarised allophone of Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See South African English phonology
EstonianTemplate:Sfnp kõrv Template:IPA 'ear' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA; can be close-mid central Template:IPAblink or close-mid back Template:IPAblink instead, depending on the speaker.Template:Sfnp See Estonian phonology
Irish Ulster caol Template:IPA 'narrow' See Irish phonology
JapaneseTemplate:Sfnp 空気 / Template:Transl Template:Audio-IPA 'air' May be compressed Template:IPAblink.Template:Sfnp See Japanese phonology
KoreanTemplate:Sfnp 음식/飮食 eumsik Template:IPA 'food' See Korean phonology
KurdishTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp Kurmanji (Northern) dims Template:IPA 'molasses' Allophone of Template:IPAblink in Palewani and Template:IPAblink in Sorani and Kurmanji. See Kurdish phonology
Sorani (Central) دیمس
Palewani (Southern)
Kyrgyz кыз Template:IPA 'girl' See Kyrgyz phonology
Portuguese EuropeanTemplate:Sfnp pegar Template:IPA 'to hold' Reduced vowel. Near-close.Template:Sfnp Typically transcibred in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA. See Portuguese phonology
Scottish Gaelic caol Template:IPA 'thin' See Scottish Gaelic phonology
Tamil அழகு [əɻəgɯ] 'beauty'
ThaiTemplate:Sfnp ขึ้น Template:IPA 'to go up'
Turkish[6] sığ Template:IPA 'shallow' Described variously as close back Template:IPA,[6] near-close near-back Template:IPA[7] and close central Template:IPAblink.[8] See Turkish phonology
Turkmen ýaşyl Template:IPA 'green'
Uyghur تىلىم Template:IPA 'my language' In complementary distribution with Template:IPAslink. See Uyghur phonology
Vietnamese tư Template:IPA 'fourth' See Vietnamese phonology

See also


  1. Template:Vowel terminology
  2. Mid-vowels in Acehnese Template:Webarchive
  3. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Citation/CS1/Suggestions' not found.
  4. Acehnese Coda Condition
  5. 5.0 5.1 "NZE Phonology" (PDF). Victoria University of Wellington. p. 3. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Template:Harvcoltxt
  7. Template:Harvcoltxt
  8. Template:Harvcoltxt


External links

Template:IPA navigation