Close-mid central unrounded vowel

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Template:Short description Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The close-mid central unrounded vowel, or high-mid central unrounded vowel,[1] is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is Template:Angbr IPA. This is a mirrored letter e, and should not be confused with the schwa Template:Angbr IPA, which is a turned e. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel was transcribed Template:Angbr IPA (Latin small letter e with umlaut, not Cyrillic small letter yo). Certain older sources[2] transcribe this vowel Template:Angbr IPA.

The Template:Angbr IPA letter may be used with a lowering diacritic Template:Angbr IPA, to denote the mid central unrounded vowel.

Conversely, Template:Angbr IPA, the symbol for the mid central vowel may be used with a raising diacritic Template:Angbr IPA to denote the close-mid central unrounded vowel, although that is more accurately written with an additional unrounding diacritic Template:Angbr IPA to explicitly denote the lack of rounding (the canonical value of IPA Template:Angbr IPA is undefined for rounding).

To type this symbol on Windows, press and hold the ALT key while typing "600" using the number pad keys.

Features

Template:Close-mid vowel Template:Central vowel Template:Unrounded vowel

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Azerbaijani TabrizTemplate:Sfnp qız قیز Template:IPA 'girl' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
Cotabato Manobo[3] Template:Example needed May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
Dinka Luanyjang[4] ŋeŋ Template:IPA 'jawbone' Short allophone of Template:IPA.[4]
English Australian[5][6] bird Template:IPA 'bird' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Australian English phonology
Southern Michigan[7] Template:IPA Rhotacized; typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.
Cardiff[8] foot Template:IPA 'foot' Less often rounded Template:IPAblink;[9] corresponds to Template:IPAblink in other dialects. See English phonology
New Zealand[10] bit Template:IPA 'bit' Merger of Template:IPA and Template:IPA found in other dialects. See New Zealand English phonology
Southern American[11] nut Template:IPA 'nut' Some dialects.[11] Corresponds to Template:IPA in other dialects. See English phonology
EstonianTemplate:Sfnp kõrv Template:IPA 'ear' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA; can be close-mid back Template:IPAblink or close back Template:IPAblink instead, depending on the speaker.Template:Sfnp See Estonian phonology
Irish Munster[12] sáile Template:IPA 'salt water' Usually transcribed in IPA with Template:IPA. It is an allophone of Template:IPA next to non-palatal slender consonants.[12] See Irish phonology
Jebero[13] Template:IPA 'bat'
Kaingang[14] Template:IPA 'tail' Varies between central Template:IPA and back Template:IPAblink.[15]
Kalagan Kaagan[16] Template:IPA 'lost' Allophone of Template:IPA in word-final stressed syllables before Template:IPA; can be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.[16]
Kensiu[17] Template:IPA 'to trim' Rhotacized; may be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.[17]
Kera[18] Template:IPA 'fire' Allophone of Template:IPA; typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.[18]
Korean[19] Template:IPA 'adult' May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Korean phonology
Lizu[20] Template:IPATemplate:What 'eagle' Allophone of Template:IPA after velar stops.[20]
Mapudungun[21] elün Template:IPA 'to leave (something)'
Mongolian[22] үсэр Template:IPA 'jump'
Mono[23] dœ Template:IPA 'be (equative)' May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.[23]
Polish[24] mysz Template:Audio-IPA 'mouse' Somewhat fronted;[24] typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Polish phonology
Romanian Moldavian dialectsTemplate:Sfnp casă Template:IPA 'house' Corresponds to Template:IPAblink in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Shiwiar[25] Template:Example needed
Temne[26] pər Template:IPA 'incite' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.[26]
Vietnamese[27] v Template:IPA 'wife' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Vietnamese phonology
Xumi Upper[28] Template:IPA 'upstairs' Nasalized; occurs only in this word.[28] It is realized as mid Template:IPAblink in Lower Xumi.[29]
Zapotec Tilquiapan[30] ne Template:IPA 'and' Most common realization of Template:IPA.[30]

Notes

References

External links

Template:IPA navigation