Close-mid central rounded vowel

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Template:Short description

Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox IPA Template:IPA vowels

The close-mid central rounded vowel, or high-mid central rounded vowel,[1] is a type of vowel sound. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is Template:Angbr IPA, a lowercase barred letter o.

The character ɵ has been used in several Latin-derived alphabets such as the one for Yañalif, but in that language it denotes a different sound than it does in the IPA. The character is homographic with Cyrillic Ө. The Unicode code point is Template:Unichar.

This vowel occurs in Cantonese, Dutch, French, Russian and Swedish as well as in a number of English dialects as a realization of Template:IPA (as in foot), Template:IPA (as in nurse) or Template:IPA (as in goat).

This sound rarely contrasts with the near-close front rounded vowel. For this reason, it may be sometimes transcribed with the symbol Template:Angbr IPA.

Close-mid central protruded vowel

The close-mid central protruded vowel is typically transcribed in IPA simply as Template:Angbr IPA, and that is the convention used in this article. As there is no dedicated diacritic for protrusion in the IPA, symbol for the close central rounded vowel with an old diacritic for labialization, Template:Angbr IPA, can be used as an ad hoc symbol Template:Angbr IPA for the close central protruded vowel. Another possible transcription is Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA (a close central vowel modified by endolabialization), but this could be misread as a diphthong.


Template:Close-mid vowel Template:Central vowel Template:Protruded vowel


Because central rounded vowels are assumed to have protrusion, and few descriptions cover the distinction, some of the following may actually have compression.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Asturian Some Template:Ill[2] fuöra Template:IPA 'outside' Realization of Template:Angbr in the diphthong Template:Angbr. May also be realized as Template:IPAblink or Template:IPAblink.
Azerbaijani TabrizTemplate:Sfnp göz گؤز Template:IPA 'eye' Typically transcribed as Template:IPA.
Chinese Cantonese /ceot7 Template:IPA 'to go out' See Cantonese phonology
Dutch StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp hut Template:IPA 'hut' See Dutch phonology
English Cardiff[3] foot Template:IPA 'foot' More often unrounded Template:IPAblink;[4] corresponds to Template:IPAblink in other dialects. See English phonology
General South AfricanTemplate:Sfnp Younger, especially female speakers.Template:Sfnp Other speakers have a less front vowel Template:IPAblink. May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA. See South African English phonology
Received Pronunciation[5] Template:IPA Younger speakers. Others pronounce Template:IPA. See English phonology
HullTemplate:Sfnp goat Template:IPA 'goat' Corresponds to Template:IPA in other dialects.
New ZealandTemplate:Sfnp bird Template:IPA 'bird' Corresponds to Template:IPA in other dialects. See New Zealand English phonology
French[6] je Template:IPA 'I' May be transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA or Template:Angbr IPA. Also described as mid Template:IPAblink.Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp May be more front for a number of speakers. See French phonology
German SwabianTemplate:Sfnp wird Template:IPA 'becomes' Allophone of Template:IPA before Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp
Upper SaxonTemplate:Sfnp Wunder Template:IPA 'wonder' The example word is from the Chemnitz dialect.
HiwTemplate:Sfnp yöykö Template:IPA 'forget'
Irish MunsterTemplate:Sfnp dúnadh Template:IPA 'closing' Allophone of Template:IPA adjacent to broad consonants, when the vowel in the preceding syllable is either Template:IPA or Template:IPA.Template:Sfnp See Irish phonology
Limburgish Most dialectsTemplate:SfnpTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp bluts Template:IPA 'bump' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. The example word is from the Weert dialect.Template:SfnpTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp
MaastrichtianTemplate:Sfnp beuk Template:IPA 'books' Sometimes realized as a narrow diphthong Template:IPA;Template:Sfnp typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. Front Template:IPAblink in other dialects.Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp
MongolianTemplate:Sfnp өгөх Template:IPA 'to give'
Norwegian Urban EastTemplate:Sfnp søt Template:IPA 'sweet' Also described as front Template:IPAblink;Template:Sfnp typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See Norwegian phonology
Ripuarian Kerkrade dialect[7] sjuts Template:IPA 'marksman'
RussianTemplate:Sfnp тётя Template:Audio-IPA 'aunt' Allophone of Template:IPA following a palatalized consonant. See Russian phonology
TajikTemplate:Sfnp кӯҳ Template:IPA 'mountain' Merges with Template:IPA in central and southern dialects.
Toda ? Template:IPA 'name'
Uzbek koʻz Template:IPA 'eye'
West Frisian StandardTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp put Template:IPA 'well' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA. See West Frisian phonology
Southwestern dialects[8] fuotten Template:IPA 'feet' Corresponds to Template:IPA in other dialects.[8] See West Frisian phonology
Xumi LowerTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPATemplate:What 'to filter tea' Typically transcribed in IPA with Template:Angbr IPA.Template:Sfnp
UpperTemplate:Sfnp Template:IPA 'way to do things' Allophone of Template:IPA after alveolar consonants; may be realized as Template:IPAblink or Template:IPAblink instead.Template:Sfnp

Close-mid central compressed vowel

Template:Infobox IPA

As there is no official diacritic for compression in the IPA, the centering diacritic is used with the front rounded vowel Template:IPA, which is normally compressed. Other possible transcriptions are Template:Angbr IPA (simultaneous Template:IPA and labial compression) and Template:Angbr IPA (Template:IPA modified with labial compression).


Template:Close-mid vowel Template:Central vowel Template:Compressed vowel


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Swedish Central StandardTemplate:Sfnp full Template:IPA 'full' More often described as mid Template:IPAblink.Template:SfnpTemplate:Sfnp See Swedish phonology

See also


  1. Template:Vowel terminology
  2. García, Fernando Álvarez-Balbuena (2015-09-01). "Na frontera del asturllionés y el gallegoportugués: descripción y exame horiométricu de la fala de Fernidiellu (Forniella, Llión). Parte primera: fonética". Revista de Filoloxía Asturiana. 14 (14). ISSN 2341-1147. 
  3. Template:Harvcoltxt
  4. Template:Harvcoltxt
  5. "Received Pronunciation Phonology". The British Library. 
  6. "english speech services | Le FOOT vowel". Retrieved 20 October 2018. 
  7. Template:Harvcoltxt. The source describes this vowel as the same as the short u in Standard Dutch lucht, which is close-mid central Template:IPA (Template:Harvcoltxt).
  8. 8.0 8.1 Template:Harvcoltxt, citing Template:Harvcoltxt


External links

Template:IPA navigation